Swollen Gums Around Tooth: A Common Problem

Swollen gums around tooth are a common problem. Many people ignore it, believing it is temporary and benign. While the swelling is visible, it usually does not cause any discomfort to the patient. However, if the patient does begin to feel pain associated with swelling, he should visit his dentist’s office. Swelling can be the result of simple causes, such as getting a bit of popcorn stuck in the gums, but it is normally a precursor to the more dangerous gum disease.

Swollen gums, or gingival swelling, are gums that are inflamed, enlarged, or protruding. Gums become irritated when plaque and tartar build up on the surface of the teeth under the gum, allowing bacteria to thrive and produce chemicals and toxins that the body rejects. White blood cells accumulate in the area, increasing fluid, which results in enlarged gums. If left untreated, the swelling in the gums can lead to periodontal disease, or advanced gum disease, which can cause tooth loss.

There are many causes of inflamed gums, including pregnancy, infection from a virus, gingivitis, malnutrition, sensitivity to any products used in the mouth, side effects from oral medication, dentures that do not fit correctly and even a deficiency in vitamin C. However, the most common cause for swelling is a buildup of bacteria. Bacteria are always present in the mouth, but they can build up quickly and form plaque and tartar, which can lead to gum disease, even when the patient is following a strict oral hygiene routine.

The signs of swollen gums around tooth can indicate how far gum disease has developed. Inflamed gums are the first sign, but this can quickly progress to receding and tender gums. Other signs include a bad taste that persists in the mouth, halitosis, or chronic bad breath, spaces opening up between the teeth, mouth sores, thrush, and bright red or purple gums. Advanced gum disease will manifest in pyorrhea, which is pus between the tooth and gum line and loose teeth. Untreated swelling can even change the way the teeth fit together when they close to bite.

Treating swelling in the gums is simple. The basic treatment includes developing and adhering to a strict oral hygiene routine to eliminate bacteria and prevent additional development of plaque and tartar. It can also include avoiding sugary foods that cause bacteria build-up. Some patients might need to change their oral hygiene products, since those can be the culprits, and choose all-natural products instead. Following routine standard dental cleaning schedules can also help.

If inflammation in the gums is treated early on, the cost of is inexpensive. However, if it is ignored and more serious conditions develop, the costs can add up. An appointment to identify the problem might be necessary, costing up to $400, including X-rays. A deep dental cleaning might be warranted and this will cost from $100 to $400 each quadrant, or up to $1600. Treatment of truly advanced gum disease might include surgery or bone or tissue grafts, which can all run upwards of $1000.

3 thoughts on “Swollen Gums Around Tooth: A Common Problem

  1. I just had my 6 month teeth cleaning. My gums on upper left side are swollen and one bleeds but no plaque. Dentist pointed them out and said to use new brush but nothing else. I use dental floss usually once per day. Of note, this side of face had radiation tx for parotid cancer in 2000. Since I’ve lost my hearing in left ear. Lip is slightly swollen. I’ve used Bacitracin ointment and white vinegar on site. What else can I do? Really appreciate this as have no dental coverage.

  2. I first encountered this problem a month ago, it looked like a part of my gum detached and I was prescribed anti biotics and vitamin c , of which it solved the problem as at then. But I noticed it again about a week ago, using the same treatment of anti biotics and vitamin c and nw done with the medication, it seemed not to have worked as the swelling has increased and a now noticed swollen blood red color of the gum, but I am expiriencing no pain … Pls what can I do to make it go away?

  3. This is exactly what I have, I’e been suffering from and inflamed gum under one of my bottom back tooth. It’s so irritating and discomforting, especially when I eat spicy or sour foods, I love spicy foods so it stinks! I have dealt with it for months and months thinking that it would someday heal on its own. It seems to have gotten worse and now I try to look this up hopefully to find what can be possible wrong and why! I figured after reading about the plaque build up that this is caused from my chipped tooth. I genetically have terrible teeth from my dads side of family! I keep having to get root canals because of the pain. I constantly brush my teeth each day and floss ever since I can remember! But because of this problem I can’t help but go to the dentist 10-20 times a year. Half of that tooth chipped and I haven’t had time since I’m going to school full time all the way out in the city. I think that is the main source of the swelling and pain of my gums.
    I have to go get it check out ASAP. Thank you

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